(As usual, comments by Sarawak Headhunter in red)
The winning candidate does not necessarily need to receive an absolute majority of all votes cast.
Public funds origin ignored
What is even more alarming is the revelation of the elaborate methods being employed to dilute the power of the legitimate voters in this country. First, is the outright rigging methods which include vote buying, ballot stuffing and counting/tabulation frauds. Second, is the rigging through the electoral roll. This is done by three methods:
- Inclusion of non-voters - the phantom voters. This includes dead people voting, non-resident, non-existent voters (cloning) and foreigners being given citizenship/MyKads;
- Exclusion of legitimate voters omitted directly from the electoral roll;
- Redelineation of constituencies: by altering the size and boundary of the electorate, one can affect the power of the ballot. Recently the EC had been doing this under the 'border correction exercise' term.
The number of new voters who have been 'registering' since BN lost its two-thirds majority in the last GE is nothing short of spectacular.
As of Dec 31, 2011, 12,595,268 Malaysians have registered as qualified voters.
This sudden feverish spurt of 'voter enlightenment' appears to show Selangor as its epicentre.
Selangor registered 340,000 new voters since the last GE, which is a 21.8% rise compared with the national average of 16.3% in voter registration.
Ong Kian Ming highlights that history appears to be repeating itself as the two states Sabah (after the 1990 elections) and Terengganu (after the 1999 polls) saw a sudden jump in the number of voters in the electoral roll after the BN loss.
Subsequently in the following GEs, miraculously the BN returned to power in spectacular fashion.
In 2011, the National Institute for Democracy and Electoral Integrity (NIEI), Centre for Independent Journalism (CIJ) and Merdeka Centre conducted a national voter registration audit.
The main purpose was to assess the accuracy and completeness of the electoral rolls.
The key findings indicated that 8% of these voters live at invalid addresses.
About 26% of these voters are unrecognisable voters, meaning they could not be recognised by a neighbour or local resident.
In short, these voters' identities may not be valid. Only 31% of them were living in their stated addresses.
Playing pucks with EC roll
The high number of non-resident voters is a major concern and poses an unhealthy practice of democracy as per our 'first past the post' system that is especially designed to provide for actual residents to elect their representatives in accordance with the local needs as per the knowledge and issues faced by the local residents.
Malaysian Electoral Roll Analysis Project (Merap) detected around 100,000 problematic names based on 10 issues.
Ong Kian Ming states if this number is added with other previously highlighted issues, it would be easily mount to over 400,000 dubious voters and that, too, is only the tip of the iceberg.
There are also a further 42,051 voters on the electoral roll whose IC numbers could not be detected in the National Registration Department (NRD) database.
Strangely Election Commission (EC) chief Abdul Aziz Mohd Yusof (far right) finds this trivial as it only amounts to 0.3% of the master electoral roll of 12.6 million voters.
It is a wonder if the EC chief could find anyone who is 0.3% pregnant in this world. One can either be pregnant or not and in this case the electoral roll must be viewed as "dirty" and nothing less.
Even more hilarious is 42,000 out of 12.6 million is actually 0.003% and not 0.3% as he had stated. Perhaps decimals are not a big issue to the EC.
Bersih had also unearthed more instances of fraud in the latest electoral roll.
It appears that there are 24,105 voters in Sabah and Sarawak who have been allegedly re-registered in Selangor. (Migrants from Sarawak and Sabah perhaps?)
Its steering committee claimed that 15,520 Sabah and 8,585 Sarawak voters had been registered twice in Selangor in the latest updated electoral roll until first quarter of 2012.
The first reading has been submitted and among the subjects one states 'allowing Rela members to assist any security force or authority established under written law upon the latter's request'.
Some are wondering if this is a backdoor method to eventually register the over two million strong Rela members or even a part of them as postal voters.
After all, there is a provision in postal voter regulation 3(f) which empowers the EC to designate any group as postal voter through the gazette.
Looking at all these issues from a macro point of view, it appears that the BN is very determined to win the 13th GE and is willing to go to whatever extent to do so (and using the people's own money to do it).
Pakatan Rakyat's chances of coming to power are looking slimmer even though the crowds that are turning up at their ceramah are swelling.
In a free and fair elections, it is my personal opinion that Pakatan will win hands down, but in a polls that one has 'first past the BN's post' rule, Pakatan would require a perfect storm of the unity and support of all races in Malaysia to do so.
DR PARAMAN VS is a general practitioner by profession. Just entering into his fifth decade of life, he regretfully admits to having exercised his right to vote only once - which was in the last general election. He drove 200km to do so. His wish is that the millions of Malaysians who have yet to register as voters will do so, soonest possible. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org